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Título : Implications of glass transition in the devitrification process and storage management of vitrified oocytes and embryos
Autor : Sansiñena, Marina Julia 
Zaritzky, Noemí 
Taminelli, Guillermo 
Santos, María Victoria 
Otros colaboradores: Universidad Católica Argentina. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias
Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ingeniería. Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos
Fecha de publicación : 2014
Cita : Sansinena, M., Santos, M. V., Taminelli, G. y N. Zaritky. 2014. Implications of glass transition in the devitrification process and storage management of vitrified oocytes and embroyos [en línea]. Postprint del artículo publicado en Theriogenology: http// Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: Devitrification, the process of crystallization of a formerly crystal-free, amorphous glass state, can lead to damage during the warming of cells. The objective of this study was to determine the glass transition temperature of a cryopreservation solution typically used in the vitrification, storage and warming of mammalian oocytes and embryos using Differential Scanning Calorimetry. A numerical model of the heat transfer process to analyze warming and devitrification thresholds for a vitrification carrier (open-pulled straw, OPS) was conducted and the implications on specimen storage in nitrogen vapor phase were determined. The time required for initiation of devitrification was determined by mathematical modeling and compared with temperatures in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen cryogenic dewars. Results indicated that the glass transition ranged from -126 to -121ºC and devitrification was initiated at -109ºC. Interestingly, samples entered rubbery state at -121ºC and therefore could potentially initiate devitrification above this value, with the consequent damaging effects to cell survival. Devitrification itimes were mathematically modeled considering an initial temperature of material immersed in liquid nitrogen (-196ºC) and two arbitrarily selected temperatures (-50 and -70ºC) to which a sample could be exposed at the neck of dewar. The mathematical model indicated samples could reach glass transition temperatures and undergo devitrification in 30 seconds. Results of the present study indicate storage of vitrified oocytes and embryos in the liquid nitrogen vapor phase (as opposed to completely immersed in liquid nitrogen) poses the potential risk of devitrification. Due to the reduced time handling period before samples reach critical rubbery and devitrification values, caution should be exercised when handling samples in vapor phase
Derechos: Acceso Abierto
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