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Título : Sex differences in self-construal and in depressive symptoms : predictors of cross-national variation
Autor : Smith, Peter B. 
Easterbrook, Matthew J. 
Al-Selim, Heyla 
Lun, Vivian Miu Chi 
Koc, Yasin 
Gul, Pelin 
Papastylianou, Dona 
Grigoryan, Lusine 
Torres, Claudio 
Efremova, Maria 
Hassan, Bushra 
Ahmad, Abd Halim 
Al-Bayati, Ahmed 
Anderson, Joel 
Cross, Susan E. 
Delfino, Gisela 
Gamsakhurdia, Vladimer 
Gavreliuc, Alin 
Gavreliuc, Dana 
Gunsoy, Ceren 
Hakobjanyan, Anna 
Lay, Siugmin 
Lopukhova, Olga 
Hu, Ping 
Sunar, Diane 
Texeira, Maria Luisa 
Mendes Tripodi, Doriana 
Diaz Rivera, Paola Eunice 
Van Osch, Yvette 
Yuki, Masaki 
Abbas, Ammar 
Ogusu, Natsuki 
Kwantes, Catherine T. 
Díaz Loving, Rolando 
Perez-Floriano, Lorena 
Chaleeraktrakoon, Trawin 
Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit 
Fecha de publicación : 2020
Editorial : SAGE Publications
Cita : Smith, P. B., et al. Sex differences in self-construal and in depressive symptoms : predictors of cross-national variation [en línea]. Postprint de artículo publicado en Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2020. doi:1177/0022022120939655. Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: Sex differences in aspects of independent versus interdependent self-construal and depressive symptoms were surveyed among 5,320 students from 24 nations. Men were found to perceive themselves as more self-contained whereas women perceived themselves as more connected to others. No significant sex differences were found on two further dimensions of self-construal, or on a measure of depressive symptoms. Multilevel modelling was used to test the ability of a series of predictors derived from a social identity perspective and from evolutionary theory to moderate sex differences. Contrary to most prior studies of personality, sex differences in self-construal were larger in samples from nations scoring lower on the Gender Gap Index, and the Human Development Index. Sex differences were also greater in nations with higher pathogen prevalence, higher self-reported religiosity, and in nations with high reported avoidance of settings with strong norms. The findings are discussed in terms of the interrelatedness of self-construals and the cultural contexts in which they are elicited and the distinctiveness of student samples.
ISSN : 0022-0221 (impreso)
1552-5422 (online)
Disciplina: PSICOLOGIA
DOI: 10.1177/0022022120939655
Derechos: Acceso abierto
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