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Título : Diet quality and diet diversity in eight Latin American countries : results from the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS)
Autor : Gómez, Georgina 
Fisberg, Regina Mara 
Nogueira Previdelli, Ágatha 
Hermes Sales, Cristiane 
Kovalskys, Irina 
Fisberg, Mauro 
Herrera Cuenca, Marianella 
Cortés Sanabria, Lilia Yadira 
Yépez García, Martha Cecilia 
Pareja Torres, Rossina Gabriella 
Rigotti, Attilio 
Guajardo, Viviana 
Zalcman Zimberg, Ioná 
Chinnock, Anne 
Murillo, Ana Gabriela 
Brenes, Juan Carlos 
Fecha de publicación : 2019
Editorial : MDPI
Cita : Gómez, G. et al. Diet quality and diet diversity in eight Latin American countries : results from the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS) [en línea]. Nutrients. 2019, 11(7). doi:10.3390/nu11071605 Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: This study aimed to assess diet quality score (DQS), considering healthy and unhealthy foods and nutrients, and diet diversity score (DDS) as indicators of risk of noncommunicable diseases in eight Latin American countries, and to verify the possible differences considering country, sex, age, socioeconomic, and nutritional status. A multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted with 9218 individuals (age range 15-65 years). Sociodemographic and anthropometric data were collected. Dietary intake was measured using two non-consecutive 24-h recalls and diet quality and diversity were assessed. In the whole sample, scores were observed from 63.0% ± 9.3% to total DQS, 65.0% ± 13.6% to healthy dietary items and 60.2% ± 13.6% to unhealthy items, and 5.6 ± 1.1 out of 9 points to DDS. Women presented lower DDS compared to men (5.5 ± 1.1 vs. 5.6 ± 1.1, p < 0.001). Healthy DQS was higher as the socio-economic level increased, and unhealthy DQS was the opposite (p < 0.05). Total DQS was significantly lower only at the low socio-economic level (p < 0.05). Chile and Venezuela showed the lowest healthy (62.2 ± 15.2 and 61.9 ± 11.7, p < 0.05) and total DQS (61.4 ± 10.3, 61.2 ± 8.7, p < 0.05). No effects were observed when considering the age and anthropometric measurements. Promoting consumption of a diverse and high-quality diet is an essential challenge to accomplish.
ISSN : 2072-6643 (impreso)
2072-6643 (online)
Disciplina: MEDICINA
DOI: 10.3390/nu11071605
Derechos: Acceso abierto
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