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Título : Larrea divaricata Cav. aqueous extract and nordihydroguariaretic acid modulate oxidative stress in submandibular glands of diabetic rats : a buccal protective in diabetes
Autor : Peralta, Ignacio 
Marrassini, Carla 
Barreiro Arcos, María Laura 
Cremaschi, Graciela A. 
Anesini, Claudia 
Fecha de publicación : 2019
Editorial : BMC
Cita : Peralta, I., et al. Larrea divaricata Cav. aqueous extract and nordihydroguariaretic acid modulate oxidative stress in submandibular glands of diabetic rats: a buccal protective in diabetes [en línea]. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2019, (19)227. doi: 10.1186/s12906-019-2636-z. Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: Background. Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and endogenous antioxidants. The aetiology and pathogenesis of several oral diseases are attributed to this process. The antioxidant enzymes secreted in the saliva by submandibular glands maintain oral health through the scavenging of ROS. The objective of this work was to study the capacity of an aqueous extract of L. divaricata (AE), and its majority compound, nordihydroguariaretic acid (NDGA), to modulate the pro-oxidant/antioxidant status in submandibular glands in a model of oxidative stress induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in rats. Methods. To induce oxidative stress with STZ, a group of animals was treated i.p. with 1 X PBS (control group) and other group was injected i.p. once with STZ (60 mg/kg). Ten days after the treatment, blood samples were taken from the tail vain to determine the glucose levels. Animals with glucose values ≥300 mg/ml were selected. The submandibular glands of control and STZ treated animals were incubated with either the AE (500 μg/ml) or with NDGA (1.5 μg/ml), and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl groups, ROS and RNS, and the activity and expression of peroxidase (Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were assayed. Results AE decreased the levels of MDA (P < 0.01) and protein carbonyl groups (P < 0.05), and modulated the levels of ROS such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)(P < 0.01), superoxide anion (O2.-) (P < 0.05) and nitric oxide (NO) (P < 0.05) in relation to the modulation of Px and iNOS expression. NDGA was found to be involved in these effects. Conclusions. The antioxidant activity of the AE in the submandibular glands would allow the maintenance of the antioxidant pool to prevent oral oxidative diseases.
ISSN : 1472-6882 (en línea)
Disciplina: MEDICINA
DOI: 10.1186/s12906-019-2636-z
Derechos: Acceso abierto
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