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|Título :||Evidence that Orai1 does not contribute to store-operated TRPC1 channels in vascular smooth muscle cells||Autor :||Shi, Jian
Large, William A.
Albert, Anthony P.
|Palabras clave :||CALCIO; MEMBRANA CELULAR; PROTEINAS; MUSCULOS||Fecha de publicación :||2017||Editorial :||Taylor & Francis||Cita :||Shi J, Miralles F, Kinet J-P, Birnbaumer L, Large WA, Albert AP. Evidence that Orai1 does not contribute to store-operated TRPC1 channels in vascular smooth muscle cells [en línea]. Channels. 2017;11(4):329-339. doi:10.1080/19336950.2017.1303025 Disponible en: https://repositorio.uca.edu.ar/handle/123456789/8727||Resumen :||Abstract: Ca2+-permeable store-operated channels (SOCs) mediate Ca2+ entry pathways which are involved in many cellular functions such as contraction, growth, and proliferation. Prototypical SOCs are formed of Orai1 proteins and are activated by the endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). There is considerable debate about whether canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) proteins also form store-operated channels (SOCs), and if they do, is Orai1 involved. We recently showed that stimulation of TRPC1-based SOCs involves store depletion inducing STIM1-evoked Gαq/PLCβ1 activity in contractile vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Therefore the present work investigates the role of Orai1 in activation of TRPC1-based SOCs in freshly isolated mesenteric artery VSMCs from wild-type (WT) and Orai1-/- mice. Store-operated whole-cell and single channel currents recorded from WT and Orai1-/- VSMCs had similar properties, with relatively linear current-voltage relationships, reversal potentials of about +20mV, unitary conductances of about 2pS, and inhibition by anti-TRPC1 and anti-STIM1 antibodies. In Orai1-/- VSMCs, store depletion induced PLCβ1 activity measured with the fluorescent phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate/inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate biosensor GFP-PLCδ1-PH, which was prevented by knockdown of STIM1. In addition, in Orai1-/- VSMCs, store depletion induced translocation of STIM1 from within the cell to the plasma membrane where it formed STIM1-TRPC1 interactions at discrete puncta-like sites. These findings indicate that activation of TRPC1-based SOCs through a STIM1-activated PLCβ1 pathway are likely to occur independently of Orai1 proteins, providing evidence that TRPC1 channels form genuine SOCs in VSMCs with a contractile phenotype.||URI :||https://repositorio.uca.edu.ar/handle/123456789/8727||ISSN :||1933-6950
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