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Título : Cadmium as an endocrine disruptor : correlation with anterior pituitary redox and circadian clock mechanisms and prevention by melatonin
Autor : Jiménez Ortega, Vanesa 
Cano Barquilla, Pilar 
Fernández Mateos, María P. 
Cardinali, Daniel Pedro 
Esquifino, Ana I. 
Fecha de publicación : 2012
Editorial : Elsevier
Cita : Jiménez Ortega, V, et al. Cadmium as an endocrine disruptor. Correlation with anterior pituitary redox and circadian clock mechanisms and prevention by melatonin [en línea]. Preprint del artículo publicado en Free radical biology and medicine. 2012, 53. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.10.533. Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: To examine the effect a low dose of Cd as an endocrine disruptor, male Wistar rats received CdCl2 (5 ppm Cd) in drinking water or drinking water alone. After 1 month, rats were euthanized at one of six time intervals around the clock and the 24-h pattern of adenohypophysial PRL synthesis and release, lipid peroxidation and redox enzyme and metallothionein (MT) gene expression was examined. Cd suppressed 24-h rhythmicity in expression of PRL gene and in circulating PRL by increasing them at early photophase only, in correlation with an augmented pituitary lipid peroxidation and redox enzyme expression. CdCl2 treatment effectively disrupted the 24-h variation in expression of every pituitary parameter tested except for MT-3. In a second experiment the effect of melatonin (3 μg/mL drinking water) was assessed at early photophase, the time of maximal endocrine disrupting effect of Cd. Melatonin treatment blunted the effect of Cd on PRL synthesis and release, decreased Cd-induced lipid peroxidation and counteracted the effect of Cd on expression of most redox enzymes. A third experiment was performed to examine whether melatonin could counteract Cd-induced changes in the 24-h pattern of pituitary circadian clock gene expression and plasma PRL, LH, TSH and corticosterone levels. Rats receiving CdCl2 exhibited a suppressed daily rhythm of Clock expression and a significant disruption in daily rhythms of pituitary Bmal1, Per1, Per2, Cry1 and Cry2. The co-administration of melatonin restored rhythmicity in Clock and Bmal1 expression but shifted the maxima in pituitary Per1, Cry1 and Cry2 expression to the scotophase. Melatonin also counteracted the effect of Cd on 24-h rhythmicity of circulating PRL, LH, TSH and corticosterone. The results underline the occurrence of a significant endocrine disruptor effect of a low dose of Cd. Generally melatonin counteracted the effects of Cd and ameliorated partly the circadian disruption caused by the pollutant.
ISSN : 0891-5849
Disciplina: MEDICINA
DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.10.533
Derechos: Acceso Abierto
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