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Título : Dysregulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor–cholesterol crosstalk in autism spectrum disorder
Autor : Vallés, Ana Sofía 
Barrantes, Francisco José 
Fecha de publicación : 2021
Editorial : Frontiers Media
Cita : Vallés, A. S.; Barrantes, F. J. Dysregulation of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor–cholesterol crosstalk in autism spectrum disorder [en línea]. Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience. 2021. 14 Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a set of complex neurodevelopmental diseases that include impaired social interaction, delayed and disordered language, repetitive or stereotypic behavior, restricted range of interests, and altered sensory processing. The underlying causes of the core symptoms remain unclear, as are the factors that trigger their onset. Given the complexity and heterogeneity of the clinical phenotypes, a constellation of genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and immunological factors may be involved. The lack of appropriate biomarkers for the evaluation of neurodevelopmental disorders makes it difficult to assess the contribution of early alterations in neurochemical processes and neuroanatomical and neurodevelopmental factors to ASD. Abnormalities in the cholinergic system in various regions of the brain and cerebellum are observed in ASD, and recently altered cholesterol metabolism has been implicated at the initial stages of the disease. Given the multiple effects of the neutral lipid cholesterol on the paradigm rapid ligand-gated ion channel, the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, we explore in this review the possibility that the dysregulation of nicotinic receptor-cholesterol crosstalk plays a role in some of the neurological alterations observed in ASD.
ISSN : 1662-5099
Disciplina: MEDICINA
DOI: 10.3389/fnmol.2021.744597
Derechos: Acceso abierto
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