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Título : Hypothyroidism-related zinc deficiency leads to suppression of T lymphocyte activity
Autor : Paulazo, Maria Alejandra 
Klecha, Alicia Juana 
Sterle, Helena Andrea 
Valli, Eduardo 
Torti, Horacio 
Cayrol, María Florencia 
Barreiro Arcos, María Laura 
Cremaschi, Graciela A. 
Fecha de publicación : 2019
Editorial : Springer
Cita : Paulazo, M.A., et al. Hypothyroidism-related zinc deficiency leads to suppression of T lymphocyte activity [en línea]. Endocrine. 2019, 66 doi:10.1007/s12020-019-01936-7 Disponible en:
Resumen : Abstract: Purpose Hypothyroidism has been shown to induce immunosuppression and both the thyroid status and immunity are affected by zinc deficiency. However, the impact of hypothyroidism on zinc metabolism and its possible relationship with the immune status has not yet been deeply explored. Here, our aim was to study whether hypothyroidism may alter zinc metabolism and thus lead to the impairment of T lymphocyte activity. Methods Variations in the distribution of zinc in the body were evaluated in PTU-treated hypothyroid mice. The effects of hypothyroidism and zinc deficiency were studied on T lymphocyte proliferation after stimulation both in vitro and in vivo. For in vitro assays, thyroid hormone-free or zinc chelator (TPEN or DTPA)-supplemented media were used. For in vivo assays, lymphocyte activity was evaluated in cells from hypothyroid, T3-treated, and zinc-supplemented mice. Results Hypothyroid mice showed lower levels of zinc in femur and lymph nodes than controls. T3 and zinc supplementation reversed these effects. In vitro, both thyroid hormone and zinc deficiency led to a decreased response to mitogen stimulation. However, only zinc deficiency was able to induce lymphocyte apoptosis. Mitogen-stimulated T cells from hypothyroid mice showed impaired proliferation, accompanied by decreased activation of PKC and lower levels of p-ERK, effects that were reversed by T3 replacement or zinc supplementation. Conclusions Our results show an important role of zinc deficiency in hypothyroid-mediated T-cell suppression and suggest the importance of evaluating zinc levels and restoring them when necessary to maintain an efficient immune response in hypothyroid patients.
ISSN : 1559-0100
Disciplina: MEDICINA
DOI: 10.1007/s12020-019-01936-7
Derechos: info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
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